Teaching manuals

War Surgery is a manual for surgeons and other medical staff who find themselves having to meet the needs of injured people in situations of war. The book covers assessment and procedures for surgical intervention in a wide variety of circumstances, and also includes a wealth of information on the organization of war medical services and on approaches to setting up forward clinics.

Save Lives, Save Limbs is a manual for lay persons providing life support, and is available in English, Farsi, Pashto, Kurd, Burmese, Shan, Khmer, Vietnamese, Spanish, Nepali and Arabic editions.

Scientific publications

Click the pubmed link for reading the abstract.

Prehospital care

  • Husum H, Gilbert M, Wisborg T, Heng YV, Murad M. Rural prehospital trauma systems improve trauma outcome in low-income countries: a prospective study from North Iraq and Cambodia.  J Trauma 2003; 55: 466 – 70. [pmid id=”12813342″] Husum H, Gilbert M, Wisborg T, Heng YV, Murad M. Landmine injuries: a study of 708 victims in North Iraq and Cambodia. Mil Med 2003; 168: 934 – 39. [pmid id=”14680051″]
  • Husum H. Effects of early prehospital life support to war injured: the battle of Jalalabad, Afghanistan. Prehosp Disast Med 1999; 14: 75 – 80. [pmid id=”10558320″]
  • Husum H, Gilbert M, Wisborg T. Training prehospital trauma care in low-income countries: the “Village University” experience. Med Teach 2003; 25: 142 – 48. [pmid id=”12745521″]
  • Husum H, Olsen T, Murad M, Heng YV, Wisborg T, Gilbert M. Preventing postinjury hypothermia during long prehospital evacuation. Prehosp Disast Med 2002; 17: 23 – 26. [pmid id=”12357560″] PDF
  • Murad M, Husum H. Trained lay first-helpers reduce trauma mortality: a controlled study of rural trauma in Iraq. J Prehosp Disast Med 2010; 25:533 – 39  [pmid id=”21181688″] PDF
  • Murad MK, Larsen S, Husum H. Prehospital trauma care reduces mortality. Ten-year results from a time-cohort and trauma audit study in Iraq. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2012 Feb 3;20:13.  [pmid id=”22304808″] Fulltext PDF
  • Murad MK; Dara B. Issa; Farhad M. Mustafa; Hlwa O. Hassan ; Hans Husum. Prehospital trauma system reduces mortality in severe trauma: a controlled study of road-traffic casualties in Iraq. J Prehosp Disast Med (in print).  [pmid id=”22591929″]

Trauma system research

  • Fosse E, Husum H: Surgery in Afghanistan: a light model for field surgery during war. Injury 1992; 23: 401 – 404. [pmid id=”1428168″]
  • Hedelin H, Husum H, Mudhafar M, Edvardsen O. Trauma care in low-income countries–a collective concern in a village. Care of landmine injuries in North Iraqi countryside. (Article in Swedish: ”Traumavård i fattiga länder – en bys kollektiva angelägenhet. Omhändertagandet av minskadade på landsbygden i norra Irak”). Sv Läktid 2006; 7: 460 – 63.  [pmid id=”16535874″] PDF
  • Edvardsen, O. Et nettverk av førstehjelpere i det minelagte Nord-Irak: et spørsmål om liv eller død. Thesis, Master Health Science. Tromso University, 2006. PDF
  • Wisborg T, Murad M, Edvardsen O, Husum H. Trauma systems in Iraq 1997-2004: adaptation and maturation. J Trauma 2008; 64: 1342 – 48  [pmid id=”18469659″]

Triage and severity scoring
  • Husum H, Gilbert M, Wisborg T, Heng YV, Murad M. Respiratory rate as prehospital triage tool in rural trauma. J Trauma 2003; 55: 466 – 70. [pmid id=”14501888″]
  • Husum H, Strada G. Measuring injury severity. The ISS as good as the NISS for penetrating injuries. Prehosp Disast Med 2002; 17: 27 – 32. [pmid id=”12357561″] PDF

Delivery Life support
  • Chandy H, Steinholt M, Husum H. Delivery Life Support: chain-of-survival for complicated deliveries in rural Cambodia, a preliminary report. Nurs Hlth Sci 2007; 9; 263 – 269. [pmid id=”17958675″]
  • Chandy H, Ol HS, Heng YV, Husum H. Comparing two survey methods for maternal and neonatal mortality in rural Cambodia. Women Birth 2008; 21: 9-12 [pmid id=”18083088″]
  • Lejon, H, Edvardsen, O, Husum, H: A qualitative study of first level care providers in rural Cambodia: Are Traditional Birth Attendants skilled or non-skilled care providers? Soc Sci Med 2012 (submitted).

Advanced limb-saving surgery
  • Tajsic N, Husum H. Reconstructive microsurgery can be done in low-resource settings: experiences from a wartime scenario. J Trauma. 2008; 65:1463-7.  [pmid id=”19077643″]
  • Tajsic N, Winkel R, Hoffmann R, Husum H. Sural perforator flap for reconstructive surgery in the lower leg and the foot: a clinical study of 86 patients with post-traumatic osteomyelitis. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2009: 62: 1701 – 8  [pmid id=”19071078″]
  • Tajsic N, Winkel R, Schlageter M, Hoffmann R, Husum H. Saphenous perforator flap for reconstructive surgery in the lower leg and the foot; a clinical study of 50 patients with post-traumatic osteomyelitis. J Trauma 2010; 68: 1200 – 7 [pmid id=”20453772″]

Trauma and poverty
  • Husum H, Resell K, Vorren G, Heng YV, Murad M, Gilbert M, Wisborg T. Chronic pain in landmine accident survivors in Cambodia and Kurdistan. Soc Sci Med 2002; 55:1813 – 16. [pmid id=”12383465″]
  • Wisborg T, Murad M, Edvardsen O, Brichman B. Life or death. Social impact of paramedics and first responders in land mine-infested villages in Northern Iraq. Rural Remote Hlth 2008; 8: 816. [pmid id=” 18348674″] PDF
  • Husum H, Edvardsen. Trauma as Poverty. Methodological problems when reality gets nasty. In: Ingstad B, Eide H. Disability and Poverty (London 2009, in press).

Delegation of lifesaving skills
  • Heng YV, Davoung C, Husum H. Trauma surgery at the District Hospital: a controlled study of trauma training for rural non-graduate surgeons in Cambodia. Prehosp Disast Med 2008; 23: 483 – 90  [pmid id=”19557962″] PDF
  • Heng YV, Husum H, Murad MK, Wisborg T. Improving rural prehospital care in the absence of formal emergency medical services. In: Mock C, Julliard C, Joshipura M, Goosen J (Eds). Strengthening care for the injured: Success stories and lessons learned from around the world. World Health Organization, Geneva 2010: 3 – 7  PDF

Safe blood transfusion
  • Ol HS, Bjoerkvoll B, Sothy S, Heng YV, Hoel H, Husebekk A, Gutteberg T, Larsen S, Husum H. Prevalence of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C virus infection in potential blood donors in rural Cambodia. Se Asian J Trop Med 2009; 40: 963 – 71 [pmid id=”19842380″] PDF
  • Bjoerkvoll B, Viet L, Ol S, Lan TN, Sothy S, Hoel H, Husebekk A, Gutteberg T, Larsen S, Husum H.: Screening test accuracy among potential blood donors. Poor rapid test result accuracy in screening of potential blood donors of HbsAg, anti-HBc and anti-HCV to detect hepatitis B and c virus infection in rural Cambodia and Vietnam: Southeast Asian Journal of Trop Med Public Health, volume 41, September 2010. [pmid id=”21073033″] PDF
  • Viet L, Lan TN, Ty PX, Hoel H, Husebekk A, Gutteberg T, Larsen S, Husum H. Prevalence of hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus infections in potential blood donors in rural Vietnam. Ind J Med Res 2011 (accepted)

Post Injury Malaria
  • Husum H, Heger T, Sundet M. Postinjury malaria: a study of trauma victims in Cambodia.  J Trauma 2002; 52: 259 – 66 [pmid id=”11834985″]
  • Sundet M, Heger T, Husum H. Postinjury malaria: a risk factor for wound infection and protracted recovery. Trop Med Int Health 2003; 9: 238 – 42. [pmid id=”15040561″]
  • Heger T, Sundet M, Heng YV, Rattana Y, Husum H. Postinjury malaria: experiences of doctors in Battambang Province, Cambodia. SEAsian J Trop Med 2005; 36: 811 – 15. [pmid id=”16295530″] PDF
  • Heger T, Han SC, Sundet M, Larsen S, Husum H. Early diagnosis and treatment of malaria Falciparum in Cambodian trauma patients. SE Asian J Trop Med 2009; 40: 1135 – 47 [pmid id=”20578447] PDF